KariA‡i mosque in the crucial Bosnian highlands, where in actuality the yearly three-day pilgrimage commemorating Hajdar-dedo KariA‡a€”an very early messenger of Islam in Bosnia, a dervish sheikh, and someone of Jesus (evlija)a€”takes place. Photography by David Henig, 2009.
Although Yugoslav communist routine oppressed and used popular control of numerous spiritual manifestations and get-togethers, it failed to ban the KariA‡i pilgrimage, which is certainly possibly remarkable because pilgrimage enjoys usually really been well attended ( MulahaliloviA‡ 1989 :192a€“196). In 1993, through the Bosnian battle (1992a€“95) a Yugoslav National military aquarium drove by the early hardwood mosque. The ground was at committed hardly available, because there are several landmines distributed in the earth around the pilgrimage webpages, therefore hometown Muslims briefly prepared the annual acquiring in a neighboring provincial place mosque. After the warfare, the yard was little by little de-mined. The wood mosque am remodeled in 2002 as well pilgrimage completely reconditioned.
Although the restoration ended up being initiated by a variety of neighborhood operating Muslims, the mosque while the terrain they sits in happen to be technically had and accessibility these people was subject to the state-approved Islamic Community (Islamska Zajednica). The Islamic people is the cause of coordinating the annual KariA‡i pilgrimage. The pilgrimage comes about at the conclusion of July. The go steady was measured according to the aged Julian diary because the 11th Tuesday after Jurjevdan (i.e., St. George’s morning, will 6). The pilgrimage starts by saturday’s noon prayer and persists before the Sunday midday prayer. Best male Muslims can attend at KariA‡i.
The pilgrimage obtaining often requires reciting associated with complete Qua€™ran (hatma dove), singing tracks revering Allah (ilahija), and various execution like the performance of mevlud verses in Turkish and Bosnian, tevhid for footstool along with Bosnian martyrs (A?ehide), and cumulative devotional and ecstatic prayer, kijam zikr (Arabic, qiyam dhikr). 2 The kijam zikr is carried out by dervishes and encouraged by a dervish sheikh. Various other pilgrims usually notice as opposed to experience this kind of prayer, as dervishes bring usually become developed of ambiguously and are seen as the Islamic a€?other withina€? from inside the original Yugoslavia ( Bringa 1995 :221; Duijzings 2000 :107). However, the devotional prayer via pilgrimage has also been done during socialist period. This could be perhaps big, just as, through the 1950s, the Islamic society, utilizing the Yugoslav status’s support, banned all dervish orders in Bosnia-Herzegovina for being a€?devoid of social valuea€? ( Algar 1971 :196). 3
Unlike the actual situation associated with standard cradles of Bosnian Sufism with the aged dervish lodges when you look at the western parts of main Bosnia (cf. Algar 1971 ; A?ehajiA‡ 1986 ; MiA?ijeviA‡ 1997 ), the continuity of dervish sales is severed into the north pieces. Therefore, KariA‡i happens to be publicly displayed and grasped for some time entirely as the place of Muslim annual pilgrimage. However, from inside the belated 1980s, a dervish selection of the Rifaa€™i purchase, that I have additionally analyzed, ended up being formed in the area. 4 within the seek out credibility and renovation of Sufi training (tesavuf) in the area, the group entwined its personality employing the old figure of Hajdar-dedo KariA‡. The dervish crowd correct tracks their identification through its sheikh’s a€?spiritual lineagea€?(silsila) to Kosovo, the dervishes think about KariA‡i the company’s religious cradle, plus they consider of Hajdar-dedo KariA‡ given that the messenger of Sufism in the region and their religious forefather.
The Ajvatovica pilgrimage work an important part into the methods town Muslims from central Bosnian highlands think on the transformation of worthy scenery a€?after socialism.a€? Within their narratives and laid-back chats, my own village buddies frequently juxtaposed KariA‡i in addition to the Ajvatovica pilgrimages. But almost all of them haven’t ever pilgrimed to Ajvatovica.
The Ajvatovica pilgrimage, within the village of Prusac, claims figures just like that from the KariA‡i webpages, dating back to the 17th century and including another renowned messenger of Islam, effendi (as well as dervish sheikh) Ajvaz-dedo. The legends state that Ajvaz-dedo ended up being a pal of Jesus (evlija). When he found Prusac, there was clearly no best water-supply inside the village. There were just a spring at the community, nonetheless it am plugged by a rock. Ajvaz-dedo used 40 days wishing to Allah, and on the 40th day he wished for two white in color rams colliding. When he woke all the way up, the rock had separated by 50 percent. Regional villagers spotted this as a miracle (keramet) and blessing (bereket), and, from the time, have pilgrimed within the destination the spot that the rock split.
Unlike the KariA‡i pilgrimage, the Ajvatovica would be technically banished throughout socialist duration, in 1947 (cf. MulahaliloviA‡ 1989 :192a€“196), and got revitalized only in 1990, mainly through the engagement belonging to the Islamic Community; various media, like the Islamic weekly publication Preporod; and so the Stranka Demokratske besthookupwebsites.org/ldssingles-review Akcije (SDA; Party of Democratic Action), led at that time by Alija IzetbegoviA‡. The location in which the Ajvatovica pilgrimage website is found was operated and defended through the combat from the Bosnian army, and, ergo, through community rhetoric, garnered the type of a holy terrain, conveying the continuity of a threatened Muslim group as well as its national traditions (cf. Rujanac in media ).
They easily become obvious if you ask me that method the Ajvatovica pilgrimage was orchestrated these days takes on an enormous character in Bosnian Muslim nationwide general public national politics, as took over through the Islamic people, including figuring conspicuously in hometown conversations. Ajvatovica was presented by Islamic group as being the greatest yearly Muslim getting in Europe, one with longer continuity, in spite of the certified bar enforced in 1947. Because they are orchestrated and choreographed, a€?The times of Ajvatovicaa€? (Dani Ajvatovice) unfold as an assemblage of spiritual pilgrimage, constitutional event, and public parade comprised of numerous competition, shows, and lectures which happen to be extensively presented and promoted with the Islamic society through numerous billboards. The Ajvatovica pilgrimage was introduced, to paraphrase a variety of neighborhood supply, as a a€?manifestation of history and lasting continuity of Bosniak [Muslim] recognition and culturea€? so that the a€?largest Muslim acquiring in Europea€? (for example, determine Ajvatovica.org.ba 2010 ). Moreover, within my fieldwork, I found myself over and over explained that Ajvatovica were an all-male obtaining, although after 1990 it was openly presented within the nationalized rhetoric as a gathering for all those Muslims. This basically means, the Ajvatovica pilgrimage was reorchestrated and instrumentalized in Bosniak political discourse as a fertile signal in post-Yugoslav open public arguments on combined Bosnian Muslim identification and Bosniaksa€™ seek out authenticity as an independent post-Yugoslav region (nacija).