Corruption in the forest sector and a lack of enforcement capability have left public forests susceptible to overexploitation and illegal logging (GOH Forest Law 2007; 2010; FAO 2010; Tucker 1999; EIA 2005). The Constitution of Honduras declares reforestation and forest conservation to be of public benefit and nationwide curiosity . There are 102 protected areas comprised of each marine and terrestrial environments. Embalse El Cajón National Forest, Olancho National Forest, Patuca National Park, Rio Negro Biological Reserve and Rio Kruta Biological Reserve are among the largest protected terrestrial areas. Many of those areas are threatened by unlawful logging, notably of valuable hardwoods (World Bank 2010a; WRI 2006; Triana 2009; IDB 2008; EIA 2005). From 1998 to 2000, the Honduran Ministry of Health and the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation jointly managed the Rural Water and Sanitation Project , which cost roughly US $1.three million. Through the project, environmental well being technicians based mostly in municipal health centers coordinated the development of water methods, in addition to trained and supported communities in maintaining current water methods .

Of the nation’s 19 river systems, 87% drain into the Caribbean Sea, whereas the remaining 13% circulate into the Gulf of Fonseca on the Pacific Ocean. Precise information on the nation’s groundwater assets is not available; however, groundwater is estimated to be abundant within the lowlands of the Atlantic facet. In the interior highlands and on the Pacific aspect, in depth irrigation has considerably lowered groundwater ranges . Phase I of the Land Administration Program ran from 2004 to 2010, with funding of roughly US $38.9 million.

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Under the Water Framework Law of 2003, municipalities have choice over all different customers for the aim of offering water for human consumption or discharge of sewage . Under the General Water Law , the right to water is a human proper guaranteed by the State.

Gold mining is the primary mineral growth sector in Honduras, but other significant minerals are silver, gold, zinc, rhyolite, gypsum, iron oxide and lead. The expected life of the mine is five years, with estimated gold production of 2000 kilograms for 2009. These insurance policies give attention to biodiversity conservation and protected space management underneath the forestry, wildlife, and conservation legal guidelines (USAID n.d.). The committees are expected to observe both compliance and performance of the various stakeholders in the sector . The Institute of Forest Conservation and Development , created by the 2007 Forest Law, replaced the State Forest Administration-Honduran Forest Development Corporation (AFE-COHDEFOR). ICF promulgates regulations, executes national policy on forest development and conservation and issues permits for forest extraction to corporations and individuals. It is specifically charged with implementing the National Forest Program (Global Witness 2009; GOH Forest Law 2007; GOH 2009b).

Rights to both floor water and groundwater vest with the state. The law states that water is a social resource and calls for equal entry to water resources. The regulation states that human water consumption is privileged over different uses. In addition, the regulation establishes a National Water Authority to replace the DGRH, which is under the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment . The Water Framework Law decentralized water provide administration from The National Autonomous Service of Aqueducts and Sewerage Service to municipalities .

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This in order to establish strategies or activities that help agriculture, the livestock sector, advertising actions and become an engine of equitable development. These actions or measures will concentrate on selling improvement, together with strategies to extend access to financing, for small farmers and farm employees, particularly concentrating on youth and women.

The Honduran Water Platform, with help from the government, was created to promote built-in water assets administration. The Platform assisted enactment of the new Water Framework Law of 2003 and capability constructing for watershed groups . The National Autonomous Service of Aqueducts and Sewerage Service offers technical assistance to municipalities. Prior to implementation of the Water Framework Law, SANAA offered piped water and sewer providers throughout the nation. The Department of Public Works, Transport and Housing is responsible for flood management, drainage and land reclamation. Under the Water Framework Law, municipalities are responsible for water provision topic to national water coverage as ruled by the National Water and Sanitation Council and controlled by the Potable Water and Sanitation Regulatory Agency . CONASA is answerable for planning, financing and growing technique and norms, whereas ERSAPS is answerable for sector regulation and management .

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No contract or concession is required for prospecting in Honduras, except in lands coated by a legitimate permit of exploration, or by a legitimate concession of exploitation. More than 2000 households make a residing by way of the artisanal mining of gold alongside the Guayape, Guayambre and Patuca rivers (Martindale-Hubbell 2008). Approximately 30% of complete land area has been granted in mining concessions, largely to multinational mining companies from Canada and the United States.

One of the program’s major accomplishments is the development of a new registration system often known as folio actual that connects registry and cadastral information in one central database. Phase II, funded at US $30 million, will continue to advertise cadastral surveying, titling and registration processes, in addition to enhance transparency of and access to land administration providers (PATH 2009a; World Bank 2009c; World Bank 2009e). The Rural Land Management Project ran from 1997 to 2004 and was funded at US $42.3 million. The project centered on the modernization of land administration and pure resource administration. According to FAO and the World Bank, the project achieved passable results and had a substantial impression on institutional growth . Widespread disputes over titles resulted from the previous system of registration referred to as folio private.

In addition, the regulation memorializes the primacy of human water consumption . The country has four hydroelectric vegetation, the largest of which is El Cajón adopted by Rio Lindo , Canaveral (28.5 megawatts); and Loquat (22.5 megawatts). Many different small and medium-sized hydroelectric projects are at present being developed (EC 2007; FAO 2000).

With this expertise, SEI proposes to examine sustainable agricultural development from the attitude of poverty alleviation. In addition to this are the high migration charges to different international locations seeking higher opportunities that leave gaps in the workforce for the Honduran rural sector. For this reason, the pursuit for methods to increase productiveness, enhance competitiveness and make more sustainable use of the country’s assets is more and more necessary. While earlier governments had announced plans to implement a moratorium on new oil exploration actions, the opening of any new open-pit mines, and any commercial-scale cyanide processing, those restrictions usually are not in place right now .

Private forests belong to a person or entity with legitimate title and registration. Use of forestland is regulated by the Forest Law and subsequent laws promulgated by ICF. With the purpose of regularizing forest tenure, the Forest Law incorporates a process that would result in forfeiture of management of forest land to the state if irregularities of possession or occupation exist. Individuals and tribal communities privately own 1.75 million hectares of forest (GOH Forest Law 2007; FAO 2010; 2010). Public forests embrace state-owned forests, forests owned by municipalities and any forests granted in concessions. All forests inside the nationwide territory that aren’t owned by a person or entity are public forests.